Golikov, Filipp Ivanovich

(1900–1980)
   Golikov followed Ivan Proskurov as military intelligence chief. Five of his predecessor had been executed for treason in the previous three years. As chief of the GRU in 1940 and 1941, Golikov bares considerable responsibility for the Soviet response to Operation Barbarossa. Despite warnings from agents with access to Nazi war plans, Golikov repeatedly watered down his service’s reporting on Nazi military preparation to Joseph Stalin. Aware that Stalin did not believe Adolf Hitler would invade the Soviet Union in 1941, Golikov often labeled accurate intelligence submitted to Stalin as unreliable, dubious, or British disinformation. Miraculously, Golikov was not punished for his gross malfeasance but was assigned to a troop command within days of the German invasion. During the war, Golikov commanded armies and fronts. In 1961 he was promoted to marshal of the Soviet Union.
   See also Fitin, Pavel.

Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence. . 2014.

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